These are the main Sections of the Site

These are the other Topics within this section

The notes on the Step by Step exercises usually tell you what pencils I used and what paper, with some listings of the colours used.  

It is not essential to use the exact paper - or even the same brand of pencils, though it helps to have approximately the same range of colours.  Let me emphasise, though, that it is NOT essential to use the colours I did.  Other colours will work - your picture will just not look the same.

In each exercise, artist quality pencils are specified, as these behave in the most reliable way.  

If you DO use the same pencils and paper as I have, the end result will still depend a lot on the line/shading style and pressure you apply on the pencils in completing each stage, so whilst I am sure you will be happy with your result, I cannot guarantee your masterpiece will look exactly like mine


This will be no problem to a wax pencil user

If you haven’t used wax pencils for artwork before, I suggest you first read the intro page on wax pencils

Some of the exercises use both wax type pencils and watercolour pencils

This may give rise to questions if you have only had experience of wax type pencils.

Again there are fuller details on the watercolour pencil process in the watercolour pencil section of the site.

YOU DON’T NEED TO USE AQUARELLE PENCILS - in many cases you can follow many of the dry pencil techniques and still get an acceptable result.  It just won’t be the same result.   You can also use watercolour pencils in their dry state to work the wax pencil pictures.




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IF YOU HAVE COME DIRECT TO THIS PAGE and have not read the comprehensive sections on the techniques for using Watercolour and Wax type pencils, then I suggest you look at the basic guidelines laid down in the topics for Wax Type Pencils and Aquarelles

In this Step by Step section, there are simple exercises listed for pure beginners which also explain the basic techniques

The more complex exercises assume you have already completed coloured pencil work before and know something about the medium. The listing on the opening page should give you an idea about which are which.

If you are a total beginner, I suggest that you look at the SBS Basic Shapes and then the Fruit Bowl Step by Step for wax  pencils as these explain the different strokes required to achieve different results with the same pencils.

Most of the Step by step exercises listed in this section are early examples which have been on the site for many years and are tried and tested.  Most of these early ones use wax pencils

A couple of years into teaching, I realised how much simpler and quicker it would be to use watercolour pencils as a starting point to work a foundation to a picture.  This also helps to get around the problems of skies which create difficulties for a landscape artist using wax type pencils.

Have a look at the ‘Why Underpainting’ topic in the Aquarelles section - it will give you more comprehensive details of ‘why’ and ‘how’ we use watercolour pencils for early preparation of a picture.

From the early part of 2011, I started including step by step exercises in the sections that they related to rather than keep them in a separate listing. This is why you will now find an assortment of exercises spread over the site.

The Step by Step exercises give you a talk through of the method I used to complete the image.

Over the years I have developed the narrative style from the one adopted in the earliest exercises to a more conversational style with more details of what went wrong - and how errors are corrected.  I believe that this can be as useful as the details of ‘what to do’ to a beginner.

Apart from the long ‘Allerford’ exercise which starts off this section There are two or three long exercises contained within the other site sections - notably the ones of  Annecy in the Pastel Pencil section, and the ones of the Coventry Canal, the Italian street scene and ‘Brokken Bridge’ in the Aquarelle section. There are also a couple in the Mixed Media section.   A very popular exercise to do is the ‘Grand Union’ Step by Step listed twice on the site - once in this section and once in the Landscape Techniques section.  This uses underpainting, but can be done from scratch with wax pencils.

From time to time I add new exercises to my course teaching and can downgrade some of the course studies to the site here..  I will note any new exercises on the New Content page

I wish you ‘Bon Voyage’ with your explorations