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BRICK STONE & TILE -
TILES can be tricky.
Perspective comes into play a lot, and not only do we have the matter of the tiles on an average roof appearing to reduce in size as they get further away, through normal perspective, but we have to take account of the fact that the roof is usually sloping as well -
Let us look first at a particular roof covered in interlocking tiles and compare this with a roof covered in old traditional tiles and finally one covered with slates
In this section we will be looking at roof surfaces in general -
Modern Interlocking tiles
Traditional baked clay tiles
Hand cut natural stone slates
More hand cut natural stone tiles
More different roof surfaces -
You will see from these illustrations that roofing surfaces can vary a great deal and getting those lines of tiles correctly shown can be a challenge. I can’t give you a simple way of portraying the different tile types -
Firstly consider that our roof has tiles which appear larger the closer they are to the viewer and smaller the further they are away. This is a natural law of perspective. Tiles therefore obey perspective in two directions
In the sketch here, you will see that there are two ‘vanishing points’ a horizontal on to the right at ‘A’ where the horizontal lines of the roof would vanish if they continued to the distance, and the much further away vanishing point at B, up in the sky, where the sloping surfaces would similarly disappear from sight if they went high enough.
As you will see, I have halved the vertical height of the roof and then marked the quarter points. I have then sketched in a single tile at each corner -
So how on earth do we make sure that we have correctly drawn in all the tiles ?
In a couple of words……. We don’t. We give an impression of the tiles, making sure that they obey the basic laws of perspective. Depending on the type of tiles and the height and slope of the roof, there will be a given number of rows of tiles, but we don’t need to go there. Our picture simply needs to give a close approximation of those rows.
Provided we get the shape of the roof correct, and observe the way the lines of tiles run, we can take a section of roof, and mark half way spots along the roof edge, then halve those sections and then halve again. As in the sketch below, the tiles will then observe correct proportion.
Have a rough count of the actual number of rows of tiles and judge how to approach the task. In the study above, I have shown there to be 8 rows of tiles. In fact there were many more, so your next option here would be 16 rows ( by halving the spaces shown above ).
If you measure 3 equal spaces at each end of the roof when you start -
If we are looking at shaped tiles -
In French Provence and other warmer climates, more unique shapes to tiles can mean that your shadow lines can run in both directions …..see the pictures below.
In more northern countries ( to the left is Talinn in Estonia ) the hard winters mean that roofs need to be steeper to shed snow more easily, so roofs tend to have more rows of tiles which are similarly ‘U’ shaped to provide a double layer of protection -
To sum up drawing out tiled roofs, take some care in working out the number of rows of tiles you need ( approximately ) and give an impression of the shape of the nearest tiles and the way the sizes and shapes change with perspective.
Put down a pattern in a dark/cool colour to show the shadow areas, then look at the overall colour the roof will display.
That colour is important, so get a base coat down over the shadow pattern and then work with the roof in a similar way the the approach you would use with fur on an animal …..
Keep your strokes going in the direction the tiles are laid.
Keep the pencil strokes light and observe any areas
where the roof shows up as being much lighter
And above all … don’t get stressed about doing every tile
Now let us have a quick look at other roof types -
As you will see from the above images, thatch changes colour over time, but the common thing about drawing and painting thatch, is the the need to ensure that the grain of the fibres is observed, and a further point to watch is the way that thatch often overhangs windows and gives a very much darker edge to your roofline. Thatch is laid in layers and the top layer is laid to shed rain, with a top line along the crown of the roof often laid in a pattern. Thatched cottages often have chimneys separated from the roof to keep the risk of fire down. Irish and Scottish thatch is often seen with solid end walls as shown below.
I will extend the topic on roofing when I get the next opportunity, but my final image (for now ) is a wooden tiled roof. I have seen these in Canada and also in Scandinavia where reed/straw is in short supply and timber is in abundance. You get some lovely colours in the old wood surfaces where algae has grown.
STONE & TILE
In the landscape
and Wax type pencils
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|Step by Step - Coventry Canal|
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